Hoarseness may be an acute or longstanding problem. It may cause issues with communication during daily life and may also indicate a more serious issue, such as cancer. Many conditions can result in hoarseness, including vocal strain, polyps, nodules, acid reflux and allergies. If hoarseness persists for a prolonged period of time, it is important to have a thorough evaluation to determine the cause.
Swallowing difficulties may result in pain or a sensation that food does not go down the right way. These symptoms may be related to an infection, acid reflux, abnormalities in the muscles of the throat, or more seriously, a cancer. Evaluation may involve endoscopy or a swallow study for further information.
Tonsillitis may be an acute or chronic infection resulting in throat pain and sometimes fever. Antibiotics may be required to treat these infections and recurrent infections may be treated with tonsillectomy.